The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is in the Department Of Commerce. NOAA works to improve the quality of life of humans and animals most especially marine species. They achieve this by providing weather forecasting, severe weather warnings, climate that could affect the management of fisheries, restoration of coastlines, and marine commerce. Their services affect over one third of the America’s gross domestic product.
One of the ways NOAA focuses on conservation strategies is by creating more sustainable US fisheries. A way they enact this is by The Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA). This act or law has control over the fisheries being managed in national waters. For forty years this act has worked to prevent overfishing, rebalance overfished stocks, increase the economic and social benefit for the longterm, and ensure a sustainable seafood supply. Another conservation strategy is the program created called The Office of Protected Resources (OPR). The programs goal is to protect, recover, and preserve species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and also the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMP) with the help of partnerships. NOAA also has a big importance when it comes to marine protected areas or sanctuaries. The program is call the National Ocean Services (NOS) and it currently has thirteen national marine sanctuaries and twenty eight national estuary research reserves.
The link above is an example of NOAA along with the National Marine Fisheries Services and also Commerce who determined the need to list two foreign grouper species under the ESA( Endangered Species Act). Also they took it on themselves to have a conservation area to help regrow the species. This will affect local fishing and and also the federal level. By being on the ESA it has become illegal to kill this fish or harm the fish. It will be a challenge for the organizations involved to monitor this problem. They are trying to monitor the fish being taken out of the environment and or including export or import of the fish. Under this article there are twenty two species and three subpopulations that are on the list of to be petitioned to be investigated. The investigations will show the evidence needed for them to be on the threatened or endangered list. As of now under the petition list there are eighty one marine species. The eighty one include species like corals, sharks, hagfish, sea snakes, sea mammals, skates and rays, and bony fish. They publish every ninety days about their finding under the NOAA fisheries portion on their website.