Blog #4

Gila box riparian National Conservation Area, Arizona

Climate changes on the Gila Box riparian National Conservation Area is starting to be notices with receding of rivers and creeks on the conservation area. This concern is that once the rivers are gone they will stay that way. The area will be affected because there are a lot of recreational uses of the river that people use for fun. The drier the area gets the more likely there will be flooding because the water wont have enough time to soak in if there was a severe rain storm. Also another impact of climate change would be high risk of wild fires. Since the area is becoming more dry its more likely there will be fires and once stopped it will be very hard to stop. Wild fires are a current impact because in June there were twenty six fires burning at one time in the state of Arizona. The wild fires can causing smoke to effect the areas around them. This smoke could harm people with respiratory problems young or old.

The state has been trying their best to help keep their citizens educated on wildfires and days where they at higher risks for fires. Fixing the rivers and other water bodies in the state will be more of a challenge for the governments. To prevent the sinking levels of the rivers they have to find a way to cool the area which is a big reason why climate change is the problem. The planet is heating up and we are seeing the effects of it before our eyes. The state has restrictions on the amount of water being used due to drought conditions in the state. The government is doing a good job trying to prevent the impacts of climate change as best they can.zzzaz13-04

Blog #4

Blog #3

http://www.noaa.gov/

noaa_logo1200by630v1

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is in the Department Of Commerce. NOAA works to improve the quality of life of humans and animals most especially marine species. They achieve this by providing weather forecasting, severe weather warnings, climate that could affect the management of fisheries, restoration of coastlines, and marine commerce. Their services affect over one third of the America’s gross domestic product.

One of the ways NOAA focuses on conservation strategies is by creating more sustainable US fisheries. A way they enact this is by The Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA). This act or law has control over the fisheries being managed in national waters. For forty years this act has worked to prevent overfishing, rebalance overfished stocks, increase the economic and social benefit for the longterm, and ensure a sustainable seafood supply. Another conservation strategy is the program created called The Office of Protected Resources (OPR). The programs goal is to protect, recover, and preserve species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and also the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMP) with the help of partnerships. NOAA also has a big importance when it comes to marine protected areas or sanctuaries. The program is call the National Ocean Services (NOS) and it currently has thirteen national marine sanctuaries and twenty eight national estuary research reserves.

https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/10/20/2016-25420/endangered-and-threatened-wildlife-and-plants-final-rule-to-list-the-island-grouper-mycteroperca

The link above is an example of NOAA along with the National Marine Fisheries Services and also Commerce who determined the need to list two foreign grouper species under the ESA( Endangered Species Act). Also they took it on themselves to have a conservation area to help regrow the species. This will affect local fishing and and also the federal level. By being on the ESA it has become illegal to kill this fish or harm the fish. It will be a challenge for the organizations involved to monitor this problem. They are trying to monitor the fish being taken out of the environment and or including export or import of the fish. Under this article there are twenty two species and three subpopulations that are on the list of to be petitioned to be investigated. The investigations will show the evidence needed for them to be on the threatened or endangered list. As of now under the petition list there are eighty one marine species. The eighty one include species like corals, sharks, hagfish, sea snakes, sea mammals, skates and rays, and bony fish. They publish every ninety days about their finding under the NOAA fisheries portion on their website. 

Blog #3

Blog #2

Gila Box Riparian National Conservation Area is 23,000 acres of desert wildlife and natural landscapes. It also has four waterways named the Gila river, San Francisco river, Bonita creek, and Eagles creeks. The conservation gets its name Gila box from the Gila River canyon which contains woodlands with various vegetation, sandy beaches, and rocky cliffs. The rivers and creeks provide places to birdwatch, hike, and picnic. On the 23,000 acres of land there are historic homesteads and cliff dwellings. The cliff dwellings provide historical studies for architectures and makes this area a perfect get away to enjoy nature. Yet, with the incoming of visitors there can be negative interactions with people and animals living there.

  People camping can encounter animals and this interaction can displace the animals from their natural environment. On this conservation area there are steep and slippery banks or moss covered rocks which can cause problems to humans like falling causing a injury. This is correlated to that if someone in the conservation area was to get hurt there is no first aid available there and you’d have to call 911 but that’s if your phone works due to poor coverage in areas. The closest medical facilities are Morenci and Safford, AZ which are five to ten miles from the conservation area. Another negative feature is that on the byway roads are not maintained and certain spots are rocky and steep. To conclude I believe the positives out way the negatives in this national conservation area.

Blog #2

Blog 1

In recent events to happen in the new was an oil pipeline had spilled thousands of barrel into two rivers in Peru. This news article is related to different scales and levels which will be needed to solve this problem. On an institutional level they need to be able to handle and clean up the mess on a large regional area. Another example of the institutional level helping towards the clean up was The Agency for Environmental Assessment and Enforcement (OEFA). They were brought in to replace broken pipes and help improve the maintenance. This impacts the governmental scale because this has implemented problems with possible import and exports of oil and impacts on humans living in the area. This has become a big problem for the area that effects people, environment, and even the government.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/23/damaged-peru-pipeline-leaks-3000-barrels-of-oil-into-amazon-regionperu-oilspill-1

Blog 1